Grant of annual increment due on 1st July to the employees retiring on 30th June of the year
File No.PC-VI/2018/R-I/1 -Part(1)
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS
NO. PC VI /2018/R-I/1 Pt.
New Delhi, dated 21.05.2020
The General Manager
All Indian Railways and Production Units
(As per standard ailing list)
Sub: Grant of annual increment due on 1st July to the employees retiring on 30th June of the year
A number of representations are being received in this office seeking grant of one notional increment as due on 1st July in favour of employee retiring on 30th June before drawing the same, exclusively for the purpose of pensionary benefits.
2. As the Railways are aware, the annual increment is granted to railway employees on completion of laid down qualifying service for the purpose. Based on the recommendations of the Sixth Central Pay Commission, as accepted by the Government of India, Railway Services (Revised Pay) Rules, 2008 were notified on the lines of Central Civil Services (Revised Pay) Rules, 2008. As per Rule 10 of above Rules, it was stipulated that there will be a uniform date of annual increment, viz. 1st July of every year and the employees completing 6 months and above in the revised pay structure as on 1 of July will be eligible to be granted the increment. There has been no change in the above rule / extant policy so as to enable grant of increment (notional or actual) on 30th June, where it was due on the following 1st July.
3, In the various representations being received in this office, certain Judgments in the case of Shri Ayyamperumal, an employee of Department of Revenue are being cited. As the details of above court matter and policy decision of concerned nodal departments were not available in this office, the matter was referred to concerned departments of Government of India seeking their advice / guidelines.
4, DOP&T vide their O.M dated 11.11.2019 have stated that the Judgment passed in the case of Shri P. Ayyamperumal is in personam. Further, the judgment pronounced by Hon’ble High Court of Madras in P. Ayyamperumal case, as endorsed by Hon’ble Supreme Court, is based on the decision in the case of M. Balasubramaniam, which was related to Fundamental Rules of State Govt. However Central Government employees are governed by Central Government Rules. Further, Hon’ble High Court of Andhra Pradesh at Hyderabad in C. Subbarao case has inter-alia observed that “A person who retires on the last working day would not be entitled for any increment falling due on the next day and payable next day thereafter, because he would not answer the tests in these Rules.” A copy of DOP&T O.M dated 11.11.2019 is enclosed herewith.
5. The Railways are therefore advised to take further necessary action to dispose off the pending representations on the issue based on above position and advice of DOP&T. The pending court cases may also be defended accordingly. Further, in case any clarification / inputs are required relating to railway Fundamental Rules and Railway Pension Rules, Finance (Estt.) dte. may also please be consulted being the nodal directorate on these aspects. This issues with the approval of DG/HR, Railway Board.
Joint Director, Pay Commission
Representations regarding grant of annual increment to the employees retires on 30th June of the year -reg
Government of India
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
(Department of Personnel & Training)
North Block, New Delhi
Dated the 11 November, 2019
Subject: Representations regarding grant of annual increment to the employees retires on 30th June of the year -regarding
The undersigned is directed to refer to letter No.PC VI /2018/R-I /1 of Ministry of Railways dated 14/ 10/2019 on the subject cited above wherein comments of this Department has been sought on the directions of Hon’ble CATs issued in several Court cases filed by Railways employees Seeking the benefits of notional increment for the Pensionary benefits as per the judgment in P.Ayyamperumal case.
2. In this matter, With reference to Central Government employees, the following is hereby Stated:
2.1. In go far as P. Ayyamperumal case is concerned, referred in the instant cases also, it is Stated that the judgment Hon’ble High Court of Madras in Pp. Ayyamperumal case is in Personam.
2.2 Further, the case of Sh. M Balasubramaniam referred by Hon’ble High Court in it’s Judgment in P,. Ayyamperumal case is related to Fundamental Rules of Tamilnadu Government whereas P. Ayyamperumal case relates to Central Government Rules.
2.3 It is relevant to mention here that in a similar Matter, Hon’ble High Court of Andhra Pradesh at Hyderabad in year 2005, inc. Subbarao case, has inter-alia observed as under:
“In Support of the above observations, the Division Bench also placed reliance on Banerjee case (Supra), we are afraid, the Division Bench was not correct in coming to the conclusion that being a reward for unblemished Past service, Government servant retiring on the last day of the month would also be entitled for increment even after such increment is due after retirement, We have already made reference to all Rules governing the situation: There is no warrant to come to such conclusion, Increment is given (See Article 43 of CS Regulations) as a Periodical rise to a Government employee for the good behavior in the Service. Such increment is Possible only when the appointment is “Progressive Appointment” and it is not universal ryle. Further, as per Rule 14 of the Pension Rules, a person is entitled for pay, increment and other allowances only when he is entitled to receive pay from out of Consolidated Fund of India and continues to be in Government Service. A Person who retires on the last working day would not be entitled for any increment falling due on the next day and payable next day thereafter (See Article ] Sl of CS Regulations) because he would not answer the tests in these Rules. Reliance placed on Banerjee case (supra) is also in our considered opinion not correct because as observed by us, Banerjee case (supra) does not woe deal with increment, but deals with enhancement of DA by the Central Government to pensioners. Therefore, we are not able to accept the view taken by the Division Bench. We accordingly, overrule the judgment in Malakondalah case (Supra).”
2.4 In addition, Sudsequent to the judgment of Hon’ble High Court of Madras in P, Ayyamperumal case, Hon’ble CAT Madras Bench vide its Orders dated 19.03.2019 in O.A.No.310/00309/2019 and O.A, No.310/00312/2019 and Order dated 27.03.2010 in O.A, No.310/00026 /2019 has also dismissed the similar requests related with notional increment for pensionary benefits.
2.5 The Hon’ble Supreme Court, vide judgment dated 29.03.2019 while dismissing the SLPp (C) Dy. No.6468/2019 filed by D/o Telecommunications against the judgment dated 03.05.2017 of Homble High Court, Lucknow Bench in WP No.484/2010 in the matter of UOI & Ors. Vs. Sakha Ram Tripathy & Ors., has inter-alia observed the following:
“There is delay of 566 days in filing the special leave petition. We do not see any reason to condone the delay. The Special leave petition is dismissed.on “. delay, keeping all the questions of law open.”
3. Further, it is also stated that this Department’s OM No.20036 /23/1988-Estt.(D) dated 06.01.1989 provides that since each case is to be contested on the basis of the specific facts and circumstances relevant to it, the administrative Ministry/Department (D/o- Ministry of Railways in the instant case} will be in a better position to defend the case if required. If, however, any Clarification is required on the interpretation application of the rules or instructions relevant to the case, the concerned department in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions may be approached for that Purpose. It further provides that the primary responsibility, however, for contesting such cases on behalf of the Government will be that of the administrative Ministry /Department concerned. Further, the Cabinet Secretariat D.O. letter No. 6 /1/1/94-Cab dated 25.02.1994 as also the Cabinet Secretary’s D.O. letter no. 1/50/3/2016-Cab dated 16.06.2016 and the Department of Expenditure’s OM No. 7(8)/2012-E-III(A) dated 16.05.2012 inter-alia provide that (i) a common counter reply should be filed before a Court of Law on behalf of the Union of India by the concerned administrative Department / Ministry where the petitioner is serving or has last served and (ii) a unified stand should be adopted instead of bringing out each Department’s /Ministry’s point of view in the said reply. It further provides that it is primarily the responsibility of the Administrative Ministry to ensure that timely action is taken at each stage a Court case goes through and that a unified stand is adopted on behalf of Government of India at every such stage. In no case should the litigation be allowed to prolong to the extent that it results in contempt proceedings.
4. Ministry of Railways is requested to take appropriate action in the light of above observations.
Under Secretary to the Government of India